Most Powerful African Women Politicians (1): Liberia’s Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, the first democratically-elected female president on the African continent

By Duchess Magazine

Africa’s political scene has historically been a male-dominated arena, with women facing numerous challenges, including social stigmas and economic setbacks. Gender bias has often pushed them to the periphery of politics. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf’s journey exemplifies the resilience and determination of African women who refuse to be confined to the shadows.


Born in 1938 in the heart of Liberia, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf grew up as an ordinary African girl in the Liberian countryside. Her humble beginnings didn’t deter her from pursuing her dreams. She attended a local high school and, despite her financial constraints, continued her education.

Ellen’s life took a turn when she married at the age of 17 and had four sons in her early twenties. However, domestic abuse led to her divorce in 1961. Determined to break free from the cycle of abuse, she and her husband left Liberia for the United States to pursue further education.


Upon returning to Liberia, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf held various government positions, including serving as Liberia’s finance minister. She was, however, an outspoken critic of the corrupt and nepotistic government, which resulted in her imprisonment. When Liberia descended into civil war in the 1980s, she fled the country and worked for renowned international organizations like the World Bank and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

Ellen’s unyielding spirit saw her endure house arrest and even a ten-year jail sentence for her objections to electoral fraud in the 1985 elections. Throughout these trials, she remained committed to the cause of peace and democracy in Liberia.


Ellen Johnson Sirleaf’s unceasing dedication to her nation and its people finally bore fruit. In early 2006, she achieved what many thought impossible, becoming Liberia’s 24th president and the first democratically-elected female president in Africa. Her victory was a testament to her enduring commitment to equality, freedom, and justice in Liberia.

As President, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf embarked on a journey of transformation. Her leadership saw Liberia’s economy revitalized, national security strengthened, foreign relations enhanced, and good governance promoted. She didn’t just break the glass ceiling; she shattered it.


In 2011, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, along with two others, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her tireless efforts in promoting peace, democracy, and women’s rights in Liberia. This recognition echoed her unwavering commitment to building a better Liberia and her influential role in the broader African context.


Ellen Johnson Sirleaf’s journey from a young Liberian girl facing societal challenges to a global icon for peace and women’s empowerment is an inspiration to many. Her story teaches us that perseverance, determination, and a dream that scares you can lead to monumental achievements.

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf’s life underscores the potential of African women in politics. Her rise from humble beginnings to becoming a Nobel laureate and Liberia’s first female president highlights the transformative power of a mind woven with strong willpower. Her legacy continues to inspire women not just in Liberia but across the African continent, demonstrating that they, too, can be forces of positive change in the political sphere.

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