It is apparent that Black women in the United States might be coming out en-masse to support their very own as the November 2020 U.S. general election is fast approaching and the campaign in high spirit for Senator Kamala Harris being the running mate for Joe Biden.
As she prepares to become the first Black woman nominated to serve as vice president, Harris, a Democratic U.S. senator from California, is in the middle of a campaign that has included numerous nods to her HBCU alma mater, Howard University, her historically Black sorority, Alpha Kappa Alpha, and to women in general.
At a campaign event earlier this year with Joe Biden, Harris acknowledged, “all the heroic and ambitious women before me whose sacrifice, determination and resilience makes my presence here today even possible.”
However, here are some of the notable Black women who have broken bounds in American politics and set the stage right for Harris to have this moment:
Atlanta native Cynthia McKinney was the first Black woman to represent Georgia in Congress. She served eight terms in the U.S. House, working alongside recently deceased congressman and civil rights leader, Rep. John Lewis. In 2008, McKinney switched parties and ran for president as the nominee for the United States Green Party. After the 2011 terror attacks, she was one of the outspoken individuals advocating for investigations of unexplained events. She also pressed for the unsealing of FBI documents related to the late Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and the late Tupac Shakur. McKinney was known for her unconventional approach, courage, and ability to balk at the established traditions put in place by the white men who came before her. Today, she is an assistant professor at North South University in Bangladesh.
South Carolina native Charlotta Bass was the first Black woman candidate for vice president. Representing the Progressive Party in 1952, she told convention delegates, “I stand before you with great pride … For the first time in the history of this nation, a political party has chosen a Negro woman for the second highest office in the land.” Bass also is believed to be the first Black woman to own and operate a newspaper in the United States. After moving to Los Angeles, she took control of the Black-owned Eagle under the wishes of its owner before his death. She changed the paper’s name to The California Eagle and broadened its coverage to include police brutality and the Ku Klux Klan. She died of a a cerebral hemorrhage in 1969.
FANNIE LOU HAMER
Mississippi native Fannie Lou Hamer fought for Black voting rights and women’s rights at a time when women, especially Black women were disenfranchised from activism. Hamer’s life experiences, from picking cotton as a child to having a white doctor perform an unauthorized hysterectomy on her, fueled her unwavering drive to create change. She was the organizer for the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee, and, in 1964, co-founded the Mississippi Freedom Democratic party. She also co-founded the National Women’s Political Caucus. Hamer also pushed thousands of Black southerners to register to vote. She passed away in 1977 from breast cancer.
CAROL MOSELEY BRAUN
Chicago native Carol Moseley Braun was the first Black woman to serve in the U.S. Senate in 1993, and was the first Black person to serve in the U.S. Senate since Reconstruction representing Illinois. As the daughter of a policeman and a medical technician, she became a federal prosecutor for the Chicago region, and was an Illinois state representative for 10 years. In 1988, she became Cook County’s first Black recorder of deeds before moving on to the U.S. Senate. There, she advocated successfully against the perpetuation of the Confederate flag and frequently sparred with late segregationist Sen. Jesse Helms.
This year, Moseley Braun has been ebullient in the campaign for the Biden-Harris presidential ticket.
New York native Shirley Chisholm became the first Black woman in Congress in 1968. She was also the first Black woman to seek the Democratic nomination for the White House. The title of her autobiography, Unbought and Unbossed, has evolved into a slogan meant to describe her way of practicing politics. The former school teacher who later consulted New York City on educational matters began her political career in the New York State Legislature, becoming its second Black representative. In the U.S. House, she introduced more than 50 bills aimed at tackling poverty, attacking race and gender inequalities, and addressing issues related to the Vietnam War. She died of stroke in 2005, and is entombed at Buffalo’s Forest Lawn Cemetery next to her second husband, Arthur Hardwick.